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Limits

Some monetary transactions originated on Unit's side (such as originating ACH payments, ATM withdrawals or deposits) are subject to daily and/or monthly amount limits, which are defined on the account level via the deposit product (This means that if for example a deposit product has a $500 ATM deposit limit, the daily deposits from all the cards under an account associated with this deposit product combined cannot exceed $500).

Limits are one way that banks and other financial services institutions help protect you from disasters that could put you on the hook for large amounts – from fraud to ACH returns to hacks. The limits we set are client-specific, and we always work in collaboration with you to adjust limits over time.

This guide explains the recommended limits for various transaction types, for both individual and business accounts. Our recommendations are based on standard industry practice and are designed to balance customer satisfaction and fraud prevention. 

In general, there are daily (reset at 7:00 p.m. EST) and monthly (reset on the first of each month, at 7:00 p.m. EST) limits of three types:

Limit TypeExplanationExample
Hard LimitA limit that will prevent a transaction from being executed.A customer attempts to use their card for an amount that would cause their account to go above its card purchase limit. The transaction will be declined.
Soft LimitA limit that will allow a transaction, but will trigger an alert that the limit has been exceeded to a member of the Unit team.A customer’s ACH limit is set to $25,000 per day. We can set a soft limit at $5,000 to review larger transactions to make sure the information in the ACH file matches the account information before the file is sent. The soft limit only triggers an alert to the Unit team to review before sending.
Stand-in LimitA limit that is in place for card transactions when there is a lapse in connectivity between Unit and Visa for real time balance checks. While this is not common, the use of stand-in limits can cause accounts to be overdrawn.A customer has a $100 balance and attempts a $200 transaction during a time when stand-in limits are in effect due to weather that has caused a temporary online outage. The transaction will be approved if the Client has selected the $500 stand-in limit default. However, this will result in a $100 negative account balance for the client.

The compliance team will discuss these limits with you, as well as what limits are right for your business, during the onboarding process.

Note: As limits are increased, reserve account requirements also may be increased. Please see the Reserve Account Guide for further details.

Individual Accounts#

The following are guidelines for limits associated with personal accounts.

Transaction TypeDaily LimitMonthly LimitLimit TypeComments
Card Purchase Limits$2,500No LimitHard
  • Card Purchase Limits are risk-based and may be subject to Regulation E disputes.

  • Consider normal customer activity when setting limits.
ATM Withdrawal$500No LimitHard
  • Risk-based limit, but risk is lower than Card Purchase Limit due to PIN requirement.

  • Cash transactions and fraudulent disputes present the largest ATM withdrawal-related risks.
ATM Deposit (via Allpoint)$2,000No LimitHard
  • Allpoint has a fixed limit of $2,000/day on ATM deposits.

  • ATM deposits present a higher risk because (1) the deposit source is not known until the envelope is open, and (2) the heightened risk of “card cracking.”

  • As a result, ATM deposit transactions should follow a hold protocol or have lower limits.

  • Hold period for deposits is 5 business days.
Remote Check Deposits$1,000$20,000Hard
  • Check deposit limits reduce the risk of fraudulent or stolen checks.

  • Hold period is 5 business days.
ACH Debit Origination* (Deposit to customer’s account)$1,000$10,000Hard
  • Most ACH fraud occurs at higher dollar amounts.

  • ACH debit clearing times should be taken into consideration when higher limits are in place.

  • Risk is presented when a consumer originates an ACH from their own account at another bank and then disputes the debit at their other bank.

  • NACHA rules limit any ODFI representation.
ACH Credit Origination* (Debit from customer’s account)$1,000$10,000Hard
  • Less risk to you, because the customer is sending funds.

  • But if large, fraudulent ACH transactions are sent, limits on outgoing transactions would prevent spend of fraudulent funds.
Stand-in Limit
  • $500 POS

  • $200 ATM
N/AHard
  • Lower dollar threshold than normal to reduce risk of overdrawn accounts while still providing customers access to their funds.

  • A $50 stand-in limit is available to clients after consultation with the compliance team on the risks of a lower limit.

* Received ACH payments are only subjected to limits imposed by the originating financial institutions

Business Accounts#

The following are guidelines for limits associated with business purpose accounts.

Transaction TypeDaily LimitMonthly LimitLimit TypeComments
Point of Sale (POS) Purchase$5,000No LimitHard
  • Risk-based limits; may fluctuate based on your use case.

  • Limits are double those of consumer limits because businesses are not subject to Reg E.
ATM Withdrawal$1,000No LimitHard
  • Risk-based limit, but risk is lower than POS due to PIN requirement.

  • Cash transactions and fraudulent disputes present the largest ATM withdrawal-related risks.
ATM Deposit$2,000No LimitHard
  • Allpoint has a $2,000/day cap on ATM deposits.

  • ATM deposits present a higher risk because (1) the deposit source is not known until the envelope is open, and (2) the heightened risk of “card cracking.”

  • As a result, ATM deposit transactions should follow a hold protocol or have lower limits.

  • Hold period for deposits is 5 business days.
Remote Check Deposits$50,000$100,000Hard
  • Check deposit limits reduce the risk of fraudulent or stolen checks.

  • Hold period is 5 business days.
ACH Debit Origination (Deposit to customer’s account)$10,000$100,000Hard
  • Most ACH fraud occurs at higher dollar amounts.

  • ACH debit clearing times should be taken into consideration when higher limits are in place; by default, Unit’s system is set to 5 business days before funds are released into the account.

  • It is important to verify the type and destination of each transaction since it affects customer dispute & return windows:

  • If the ACH debit is a Cash Concentration and Disbursement (CCD) transaction to another business: 24 hours.

  • If the ACH debit is a Prearranged Payment and Deposit (PPD) debit to a consumer: 60 days.
ACH Credit Origination (Debit from customer’s account)$10,000 daily$100,000Hard
  • Less risk to you, because the customer is sending funds.

  • But if large, fraudulent ACH transactions are received, limits on outgoing transactions would prevent spend of fraudulent funds.
Stand-in Limit
  • $500 POS

  • $200 ATM
N/AHard
  • Lower dollar threshold than normal to reduce risk of overdrawn accounts while still providing customers access to their funds.

  • A $50 stand-in limit is available to clients after consultation with the compliance team on the risks of a lower limit.